Magdalena de Kino is located in the valley of the Magdalena River which has water throughout the year. It's elevation at a little more than 2000 feet above sea level affords one of the most moderate climates in the Sonora Desert. Maximum average daily temperatures range from 80 degrees Farenheit in July and August to 52 degrees Farenheit in December and January. With a climate that is described as "medium dry" it has more rainfall than surrounding desert areas and enjoys a lush green vegetation that is striking after a long drive through the desert. Thus Magdalena offers real seasonal changes without extremes of temperature. The Mission Santa María Magdalena was originally founded by Padre Juan Batista Escalante. It was destroyed in 1648 and then restored by Padre Eusebio Kino in 1700. In 1711 Father Agustin Campos invited Padre Kino to bless the new Chapel at Magdalena named in honor of San Francisco Javier, Kino's devoted Saint and the guardian of the Pimeria Alta. In the middle of the service, Kino became very ill and weak. The great missionary, explorer and humanist died at midnight of March 15, 1711. He was 66 years old.